In parts of China, starvation occurred. Soldiers worked alongside people. Schools and nurseries were provided by the communes so that all adults could work. Due to the fact that the Great Leap Forward was not based on any sound economic analysis, but simply unrealistic output targets set by Mao Zedong and based on the ideology of Maoism, one is able to contribute its failure to the lack of central planning by the Chinese government, which encapsulates various other causes, as mentioned above.
However, the targets that the government was setting were not being met, but due to the fear of the farm workers of losing their lives if they revealed the truth to the Chinese government, they continued to conceal the truth and release false output statistics.
Immediately, landlords and wealthier peasants had their land holdings forcibly redistributed to poorer peasants. This was a huge failure for China as the country no longer had enough food to feed its own people, causing the death of millions of people.
Verification after April yielded a reduction to million metric tons, and in a further check lowered the harvest to million metric tons. Famine deaths[ edit ] The exact number of famine deaths is difficult to determine, and estimates range from upwards of 30 million, to 55 million people.
Net exports of grain were raised from an average of 2.
As a result of his immense involvement in the topic and his culture, greater insight into the Great Leap Forward movement was provided. This problem was exacerbated by a devastating locust swarm, which was caused when their natural predators were killed as part of the Great Sparrow Campaign. These diverted labourers were likely the more productive, leaving the less productive peasants to man agricultural chores.
The Great Leap Forward, Mao explained that if one followed industrialization and the agricultural reforms that he had in mind, China would become a utopia, a paradise on Earth. The heavy focus that was placed on increasing the steel output of the country, resulted in the withdrawal of labour from the agricultural sector.
Mao announced a second Five Year Plan to last from to The millet is scattered over the ground.
Furthermore, the article highlighted and explained how these individual causes contributed to the failure of the Great Leap Forward, which were crucial in answering the main question. The central government made things even worse for the peasants by taking a share based upon the falsified production figures and thus leaving the peasants too little to survive on.
The Great Leap Forward had already been announced in as a revolutionizing of the entire country. Subsequently, the diversion of labour away from agriculture through the production of backyard blast furnaces and other non-agricultural projects resulted in the decline of food production in China.
People in a commune gave up their ownership of tools, animals etc so that everything was owned by the commune. Urbanization, combined with the heavy focus on the production of steel led to the lack of peasants in rural areas which meant that it was nearly impossible for them to produce crops.
Source B states that by April there was a country-wide grain shortage and by the end of the year there were total shortages of other foods and other products such as cooking oil, sugar, thermos bottles, porcelain dishes, glasses, shoes, etc.
From the discussions above, the most daunting phenomenon that emerged from The Great Leap Forward campaign was the lack of sense of purpose at the micro level that eventually resonates to the macroeconomic facets of the country. The movement was led by Mao Zedong, and aimed to rapidly transform the country from an agrarian economy into a communist society by means of accelerated industrialization and collectivization.
Since grain was the primary source of food energy in China at the time, the drop in per capita food availability coincided with the onset of the worst famine in human history.
This source was very useful because it focused specifically on the main question. The old system of internal passports the hukou was introduced inpreventing inter-county travel without appropriate authorization.
Everybody involved in the communes was urged not only to meet set targets, but to beat them. After all, people were merely producing outputs for the consumption of everyone. Review of Literature Source A: Each sub-division was given specific work to do.
These communes were formed in support of the Great Leap Forward campaign, in which people surrendered their personal property to the communes and joined the work brigades in order to expand existing projects, such as the water conservation project.
Consequently, excessive burdens were placed on peasants to produce massive amounts of agricultural resources, leaving them with insufficient food to sustain their high labour productivity.The policies of the Great Leap Forward, the failure of the government to respond quickly and effectively to famine conditions, as well as Mao's insistence on maintaining high grain export quotas in the face of clear evidence of poor crop output were responsible for the famine.
One of the reasons why the Great Leap Forward failed and became disastrous was the fact that the removal of competition resulted in an imperfect market in which personal microeconomic goals became inexistent.
The Chinese government controlled the economy by. The Great Leap Forward: The Great Failure of Mao Zedong in China From a lecture series presented by Professor Richard Baum, Ph.D. After decades of civil war and struggle over the future of China, Chinese Communists came to power in The promulgation of the Great Leap Forward was the result of the failure of the Soviet model of industrialization in China.
The Soviet model, which emphasized the conversion of capital gained from the sale of agricultural products into heavy machinery, was inapplicable in China because, unlike the Soviet Union, it had a very dense population.
The Great Leap Forward was a failure on Mao’s part of becoming an economist because it led to famine, the production of poor-quality goods, deep debt for China, exhaustion and demoralization of the peasantry, severe management problems by party cadres of all levels, and it had a negative impact on China’s environment.
Conclusion: Why did the Great Leap Forward fail? From the discussions above, the most daunting phenomenon that emerged from The Great Leap Forward campaign was the lack of sense of purpose at the micro level that eventually resonates to the macroeconomic facets of the country.Download