He held that by means of reason alone, certain universal, self-evident truths could be discovered, from which the remaining content of philosophy and the sciences could be deductively derived.
They opted rather for a form of Deism, accepting the existence of God and of a hereafter, but rejecting the intricacies of Christian theology. Since students in a historical survey of American literature usually approach Franklin after reading heavily in Puritan literature, ask questions that force students to confront the similarities and the differences between Franklin and his Puritan predecessors.
The philosophical work Dialogues des morts Dialogues of the Dead, established his reputation as a man of letters, and in he was admitted to the French Academy.
The so-called Quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns, in which the relative merits of classical and modern literature were debated, lent additional force to the devaluing of myths and myth-making.
Diderot's voluminous writings include the novels La religieuse The Nun, writtenpublishedan attack on convent life; Le neveu de Rameau writtenpublished ; translated as Rameau's Nephew,a social satire; and Jacques le fatalistewhich explored the psychology of free will and determinism.
In his Lettres philosophiques ; The Philosophical LettersVoltaire admired English customs and institutions while attacking their French counterparts. Newton wrote, "This most beautiful system of the sun, planets, and comets, could only proceed from the counsel and dominion of an intelligent Being For like Rousseau, Voltaire had harsh criticism for many of the powers-that-were.
Theoretical to practical, reform, progress: Citizens began to see themselves on the same level as their leaders, subject to the same shortcomings and certainly subject to criticism if so deserved.
Perhaps most important, in the Autobiography Franklin creates not only the classic story of the self-made man but also attempts to recreate himself and his career as the archetypal American success story.
Thomas Paine held similar beliefs as well, and in his work The Age of Reason one notices that he rejects organized religion, views second and third retellings i. To contrast, Benjamin Franklin critics laziness in his writings, since indolence is the very opposite of what he strove for in his life.
In contrast, Franklin's French bagatelles are written for a very sophisticated audience who would savor their complex persona and ambiguously ironic tone. He was a firm believer in the importance of data, and had no philosophical qualms regarding the reliability of the senses.
Francis Bacon and Isaac Newton are frequently mentioned as the progenitors of the Enlightenment. Consequently, Diderot and his associates became the objects of clerical and royal antagonism.
Not surprisingly, he was a controversial figure who invited as much scorn as praise. Since the end of the s, however, rationalism has played chiefly an antireligious role in theology.
In his so-called dream argument, he argued that our inability to prove with certainty when we are awake and when we are dreaming makes most of our knowledge uncertain.
Franklin's style owes much to the example of Defoe and Addison and Steele; his satiric practice--especially his mastery of the creation of diverse personae and, at times, his use of irony--reflects his familiarity with Swift's satire, even though Franklin's effects are very different.
In support of these beliefs, the philosophes were hostile to thought based on authority medieval scholasticism and excessive reverence for the ancientsprejudice, fanaticism, superstition, and the assumption that one principle can explain all.
Paine views these loyalists as such due to the fact that when injured by the British, they do not retaliate.The essential beliefs and convictions of Enlightenment thinkers were by and large committed to writing, thus a fairly accurate sketch of the eighteenth century mind is.
Thomas Paine vs. Benjamin Franklin Thomas Paine ( – ) and Benjamin Franklin ( – ) were both central figures in the American Revolutionary War and influential writers. Though similar in their direct, propagandist writing style, these authors somewhat differed in the content of their works.
To contrast, Benjamin. Free compare and contrast cicero and benjamin franklins virtues papers, essays, Writing styles have changed tremendously since the ’s. Despite the cultural differences I learned a lot about the man and the time.
Instead of believing “their foot shall slide in due time” (Edwards, ), Franklin and Emerson view individuals as. Jonathan Edwards and Benjamin Franklin are two major figures in history. Edwards was a very religious Puritan minister, and Benjamin Franklin was the opposite; a diplomat, inventor, negotiator, merchant along with many other qualities.3/5(3).
Edwards establishes points by using different strategies of figurative language with the intention of capturing the emotional side of his audience. By using a variety of styles to scare his audience, Edwards’ sermon, with powerful diction, had a great outcome of repenters.
Benjamin Franklin () Contributing Editor: David M. Larson organization, irony, style, and so forth are as applicable to writing that deals with factual information as they are to poetry, fiction, or drama. In teaching the Autobiography In contrast, Franklin's French.Download